|Mineral class||Silicates : Phyllosilicates : Serpentine - Talc - Pyrophyllite group.|
|Crystal system||Orthorombic, hexagonal and monoclinic.|
|Habitus|| Antigorite : As thick lamellar masses,
fibrous or massive.|
Crysotile : As fibric aggregates (asbestos) or massively.
|Cleavage|| Antigorite : Perfect basal.|
Crysotile : none.
|Color||Green, yellow, brown to white.|
|Luster|| Antigorite : Vitreous to greasy.|
Crysotile : Pearly
|Description|| An important industrial mineral, used for fireproof
fabric and brakes. It's cancer risks have made the use of asbestos rare.|
Massive serpentine is not dangerous and is sometimes used as a ornamental stone instead of jade. Sometimes serpentine is sold as jade, but the hardness gives it away.
|Occurance||Main constitute of the rock serpentinite. Also in metamorphic limestones and scarns.|
|Notes|| Serpentine is a common name for the minerals
antigorite, lizardite and chrysotile. Crysotile is further divided into
parachrysotile, orthochrysotile and clinochrysotile.|
Antigorite fuses with difficulty.
Chrysotile gives off water when heated.
Chrysotile comes from the greek words for golden fibres.
|Locations|| A very common mineral in Sweden (especially antigorite).|
| To silicate index.
|| Mineral group index.
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